The next rule of the Chinese calligraphy in cursive script (although all the rule also apply to Japanese calligraphy) is that long lines are shortened or symbolised by dots. This rule can be extended to short lines as well (I included the examples of both instances in the movie and the picture).
As you can see on the photograph (left) the character 明 (bright / clear) is built out of two radicals. Radicals are kanji (漢字, lit. character of Han China, i.e. Chinese characters) compounds, i.e. smaller units that given character's construction is based on, though it is vital to remember that certain radicals can act as stand alone characters. In the case of 明, the radicals are 日 (sun) and 月 (moon), which can act as independent characters.
The line that is reduced to a dot is the left-hand side line of 月, which is also the first stroke of this character. In the case of 言 (word), the top short line becomes a dot, and three remaining lines are reduced to one dot. This merges two rules of writing Chinese calligraphy in cursive script in one character, which is very common for this particular calligraphy script. The first rule applied here is that the total number of strokes is reduced, and the second is that the line is degraded to a dot stroke. As you can see from this example, the rules of writing Chinese or Japanese calligraphy in cursive script are used with great flexibility.
Maintaining the balance between the simplification of the form of a character, its structure, power and vigour of strokes, and the flow of energy (行気) in the whole calligraphy work, is the key to well executed handwriting, regardless whether it is Chinese or Japanese calligraphy.
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