Links to the other 9 articles on writing rules in semi-cursive script (行書), are to be found here.
Unlike in standard script (楷書), the structure of Chinese characters written in semi-cursive script is more relaxed, and sometimes even distorted on purpose. Calligraphers use this to their advantage in order to create more expressive calligraphy art.
The exaggeration of stroke(s) usually counterweights other over accented parts of a given character, or even the whole text. It is an important thing to bear in mind, that good calligraphy is not about every character being written correctly or harmoniously, but about the mutual communication among the characters in the entire work.
The above diagram shows the last stroke of the character 而 (Japanese: rake / Chinese: as well) has its last vertical stroke intentionally extended. It adds more drama and kinetic energy to the appearance of this character. Exaggerating of the strokes should be performed with caution, as there are limits to it, and not all strokes can be (or should be) distorted this way.
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